Resources to learn English grammar

Common and Proper Nouns

lessons for kids learning English

What are nouns?

Nouns are naming words. They name people, animals, places, things, and ideas. There are several different kinds of nouns. In this lesson, you will learn about common and proper nouns.

Grammar lessons for kids
English grammar lessons for kids

What is a common noun?

Common nouns are general names. They name any person, animal, place, thing, or idea. Do not use a capital letter for a common noun, unless it starts a sentence.

Look at the picture above. The word queen is a common noun, a general word for any queen in any kingdom.

Common nouns contrast with proper nouns, which are specific names.

Grammar lessons for ESL kids
Grammar lessons for kids learning English

What is a proper noun?

Proper nouns are unique names. They name specific people, animals, places, things, or ideas. They always begin with capital letters.

Look at the picture above. The word Snow Queen is a proper noun. It is the name of a specific queen, it is her own name. But the word queen is a common noun because it could refer to any queen in the world.


What is the difference between common and proper nouns? Which nouns begin with small letters and which with capital letters? Let's learn and practise English nouns!

ESL grammar exercises

Related Printables

Learn and practise English grammar with our printables that go well with the online lessons. You can download them on the following pages.